Nazca lines, the giant geometric figures, and drawings are the main attraction of the Peruvian coast. Giant geometric figures depicting triangles, spirals, lines, constellations, as well as monkeys, spiders, flowers, hummingbirds, whose wingspan exceeds two hundred meters, were created between the 1st and 5th centuries AD.
A trip to Nazca lines will be perfect for mystery lovers, because the purpose of the images, painted by deep furrows, is still unknown to this day.
The Nazca lines were first observed in 1939 by the American archaeologist Paul Kosok, who was flying over a plateau. He saw that the lines fix the phases of the moon and point to some constellations. It was impossible to detect such parallels from the earth. Kosok called the 310 square mile stretch of high desert “the largest astronomy book in the world”.
Later, Maria Reiche was engaged in their research, and many images were deciphered with her help. According to Reiche, geoglyphs in the desert are the largest open-air star calendar in the world and that is why they attract so many people on Nazca lines air tour. In total, you can find about thirty figures, 788 various geometric figures, including trapezoids, triangles and spirals, and thousands of lines and stripes on the Nazca plateau.
Almost all the drawings are made on this huge scale in one manner when the contour is outlined by one continuous line. Ideally, smooth lines and stripes go beyond the horizon, crossing the dried up riverbeds, climbing the hills and without deviating from their direction (although modern geodetic methods do not allow a straight line of up to 8 kilometers to cross a rough terrain so that the deviation does not exceed 0, 1 degree). The true form of images can be observed only from the height of a bird's flight. Such a natural elevation does not exist nearby, but there are humps. However, the higher you climb above the plateau, the more these figures become smaller and turn into incomprehensible scratches. In 1994, geoglyphs were added on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
The lines, stripes, and patterns are applied to the surface by excavation, in the form of furrows up to 135 centimeters wide and up to 40-50 centimeters deep (average depth 25-30 centimeters), in fact, these are shallow trenches. In this case, on the black rocky surface, white lines are formed-lines. Fine gravel inside the lines does not differ in color from the rest of the surface. However, the lines themselves are perfectly visible from the height and stand out well against the background of the general landscape.
Even today, Nazca lines tour attracts a lot of researchers, because they found out that some geoglyphs date back to a time before Nazca people settlement in this region. It opens a door to new theories about their meaning and purpose.
If you want to see how a dull pale sameness shapes into familiar, yet mysterious shapes and symbols, Peru tourism is the right choice for you.