Location, Extension, Limits
Tumbes is located in the northwestern part of the country. Account with a territorial surface of 4,669 Km2 including 12 km2 of oceanic island, imitates by the north with Ecuador and the Pacific Ocean; on the east with Ecuador; on the south with Piura; and on the west with the Pacific Ocean.
The climate of Tumbes is semi tropical with permanent sun almost all year round, with an average temperature of 24ºC.
Tumbes was a region populated since before the Inca empire by large groups of people dedicated to agriculture, hunting and trade.
One of these was the Tumpis, considered by the traditions as the greatest navigators of the Peruvian coast. They stood out in the carving of shells of tips shells, donkey's feet (Concha lapas peruana) and other mollusks.
Subsequently, the area was incorporated into the domain of the great Chimú. During the Inca period, and especially in the government of the Inca Pachacutec, the Cusqueños extended their domains to Tumbes. At the time of the Incas, Tumbes played a very important role in the political destinations of Tahuantisuyo where Pachacutec submitted it to his domain and after the year 1400, he went to the Puna Islands and it was Huayna Cápac who turned it into an operations center from where He left with his army to dominate the Puneños. For this reason the monarch gave greater importance to Tumbes and ordered to build roads, houses, palaces and temples.
In 1532 the first Spaniards arrived in Peru through the port of La Leña under Francisco Pizarro.
Tumbes is the first city to free itself from the Spanish yoke, proclaiming its independence on January 7, 1821. The combative and patriotic spirit of the Tumbesians became clear, once again during the 1941 conflict against Ecuador.
Tumbes was elevated in 1942 to the department category in recognition of his support for the Peruvian victory against Ecuadorians.
* The mangroves of Tumbes
They are forests whose vegetation grows and develops in an area of circulation between the sea and the land and which comprises a small area on the left bank of the Tumbes river and with a larger area on the right margin up to the Canal de Capones area.
* Caleta de Cruz Pizarro. It is the place where Don Francisco Pizarro began the conquest of Peru. It shows a replica of the cross he planted in 1532.
* Punta Sal. It is the most elegant and beautiful beach, this place is ideal for water sports, horseback riding and relaxation.
* The cove of Zorritos. This is where the first oil well of South America was drilled. What is attractive on this beach are the great marine riches such as: sole, croaker, sea bass; the craft fishing pier, the lighthouse and the boardwalk.
* Green Waters It is the city in the middle of the border line, from where the commercial exchange between Peru and Ecuador takes place.
* The Cabeza de Vaca architectural complex. located in the district of Corrales. In addition, the pre-Columbian remains of Cabeza de Lagarto, Loma Saavedra, Cucharola, among others, where remains of ancient human settlements and pieces of pottery can be found.