Nazca is located in the Ica department in the southwestern part of Peru. At 22 km north of the city on a deserted plain there are mysterious drawings, carved into stone, which can be seen only from a height. Their dimensions are impressive - they range from 40 m to 8 km. These drawings are roughly dated 8-4 centuries BC. e. It shows geometric figures, animals, birds and people. For the first time, the drawings were discovered during an airplane flight in 1939. There are many hypotheses about the design of Nazca ornaments. One of them is that the ornaments are part of a huge astronomical calendar, the other is that they were inflicted by aliens from outer space. In order to view the Nazca ornaments, tourists are offered hourly sightseeing tours by airplanes.
Their purpose is still unknown to anyone, as well as their age. The local inhabitants say that these images are not the work of people, but demigods - Wiraqucha, who left their traces in the Andes many thousands of years ago. 12 thousand strips and lines, about 100 spirals, 780 drawings, among them more than 30 huge drawings of animals, birds, fish, insects on an area of 500 sq. M. kilometers. The largest: a spider - 46 meters in length, a hummingbird - 50 m., A monkey - 55 m., A condor - 120 m., A lizard - 188 m., A pelican - 285 m. Almost all the drawings are made on a cyclopean scale, in the same manner, when the contour is outlined by one continuous line. The Nazca lines sometimes stretch to the horizon, they intersect and overlap, merging into mysterious schemes that make the desert look like a giant drawing board.
Giant Nazca drawings are lines applied to the surface in the form of furrows up to 135 cm wide and 40-50 cm deep, with white strips forming lines on the black stony surface. On closer inspection, it turns out that these are grandiose scratches on the surface, obtained by clearing tons of volcanic pebbles, as a result of which the bright base of the desert - yellowish sand and clay - has been exposed. Thanks to the semi-desert climate they have been preserved since ancient times. The lines of the drawings do not change because of the unevenness of the relief, climbing the hills and descending from them, they remain perfectly flat and continuous. Nazca geoglyphs are first mentioned in the book "The Chronicle of Peru" (1553) by the Spanish historian Pedro de Cieza de Leon.
Thus, there are more questions about the occurrence of geoglyphs than answers. However, in addition to this the city of Nazca is known for its quite understandable distinctive and bright ceramics. Dishes, bowls and pots with a double neck are decorated with images of deities, animals and plants. It should be noted that Nazca tours is not the only place where you can explore a plateau with mysterious geoglyphs. In the vicinity of the city of Palpa there is a plateau of the same name, on which there is also a huge number of poorly studied images. At present, the Nazca desert is more explored, since similar images of the Palpa Plateau were of interest to scientists only at the end of the twentieth century.