Ancash

Location: Ancash is located on the coast and northwestern Sierra of Peru.

Limits: Ancash borders the regions of La Libertad to the north, Huánuco to the east and Lima to the south.

Surface: 36,000 km2

History:

  • Evidence of the oldest horticultural man in Peru, is in Shupluy (Yungay), 12,000 years old A.C.
  • 4900 years ago, the first villages to human settlements flourished with monumental buildings, including La Galgada (Corongo), Las Aldas (Casma).
  • The first great society on the Ancash coast is Sechin en Casma (3700 years old).
  • Chavin is developed (3200 years old), the first high organization society in the Andes of Ancash. It was born in the valley of the Conchucos and had a vast influence, covering almost the entire territory of the Andes and the Peruvian coast.
  • After the decay of Chavín and after a long time there comes La Cultura Recuay () in the valley of Callejón de Huaylas, a warrior society, because it developed parallel to constant disputes with the Moche society of the coast of Peru.
  • Mid-fifteenth century, the Incas conquer this area after bloody battles with the hardened and hard Huaylas and Conchucos.
  • After the Spanish invasion (1535), the first conquerors who arrive at the valley of the Callejón de Huaylas and Conchucos, are attracted by the copious veins of minerals, which were exploited after hard battles to subdue the population of these places.
  • At the time of the independence of Peru, Ancash had an active presence, since in present Yungay one of the liberating camps of the north is installed with Bolívar.
  • After many years and civil strife between Peruvian rulers, the Department of Huaylas is established, which later would also support the Chilean invasion.
  • Against the many abuses and tributes imposed by the ruling class and landowner, the rebellion of a historic Ancash leader Pedro Pablo Atusparia arises. Which is called the caudillo and representative character in the Ancash region.
  • December 13, 1941 a flood from the Cojup ravine (Laguna Palcacocha) devastates part of the city of Huaraz, killing more than 4000 people.
  • May 31, 1970, the entire Ancash region and part of northern Peru is ravaged by a fateful earthquake, killing more than 20,000 people. Also this day disappears the city of Yungay devastated by a gigantic flood coming from the north face of the Huascarán mountain.
  • After the reconstruction of the towns after the earthquake, the presence of foreign tourists becomes massive, who avid to explore and climb the mountains of the Cordillera Blanca arrive from different countries of Europe and North America, at the beginning there is not much tourist infrastructure but according to Over the years the region adopts as the main source of economic income and work begins on the construction of the first hotels and access roads to the tourist areas.
  • Later in the decade of the 90's, the big mining companies enter to exploit the riches of the Andes of Ancash, and due to this economic advance the cities are becoming metropolises.
  • Currently tourism and mining are the main economic activity in the region, every year the cities have first class infrastructure to receive domestic and foreign tourists.

Tourist attractions:

CARAZ One of the most surprising things in the city is its impressive view of the Alpamayo mountain. But if you follow the visual route, you will find more wonders of snow such as Huandoy or the Garcilaso Pyramid. From Caraz you can take various tours. The most popular routes are the Cordillera Negra, the Pato Canyon and the Parón lagoon. Caraz is located one hour from Huaraz.

CHAVÍN DE HUÁNTAR One of the most representative archaeological centers of Peru. It was built by the Chavin culture, a process that began more than 3 thousand years ago. Over the centuries they were building the various blocks. They emphasize pieces like the Monolithic Lanzón and the heads nails. This site is located in the district of the same name, in the province of Huari.

HUASCARÁN NATIONAL PARK It is an ideal space for tourists looking for experiences as challenging as they are pleasurable. For example, if you decide to take a trekking route, you will find snow-covered mountains, lagoons, blue sky, flora and fauna. This park is also conducive to other adventure sports, such as mountaineering, canoeing, rock climbing, mountain biking, among others. It is advisable to hire the services of specialized guides.

LAGUNA DE LLANGANUCO It is located inside the Huascarán Park. Getting here is a demanding experience if you decide to do a trekking route. However, with a car you can arrive more quickly and easily. The view is simply spectacular: a wide and gentle lagoon of turquoise water. For many, it is an unforgettable trip.

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