Tacna is located Southwest of Peru, in southern Peru, next to the Pacific Ocean. It limits to the north with the Moquegua and Puno; to the south with Chile; to the east with Bolivia and Chile; to the west with the Mar de Grau.
Extension: 16,076 km2
Tacna has an arid and semi-warm climate with no rain throughout the year, its maximum annual average temperature is 23.4 ° c and the minimum 12.5 ° c
Some of its typical dishes are:
Corn with cheese.
Chicharrón de chancho with toasted corn.
Patasca or mondongo broth.
Spicy to the tacneña.
You can also find a variety of traditional products such as: buttery cheese, quesillo or fresh cheese without salt served with honey, ham, butter, honey, manjarblanco or dulce de leche and diversity of fruits such as capulí, quince, Lucuma, granadilla, cherimoya, guava, tuna, among others.
Traditional drinks are also offered, such as: the farm wine, the Tacna Sour and the macerated ones of damask, strawberry and tumbo.
Centuries ago they inhabited the Chango or Camanchaco, which in the 15th century, were annexed to the Tahuantinsuyo. These skilful fishermen maintained exchange relationships with other towns in higher areas such as the Collas in the Lake Titicaca region.
The first contact with the conquerors occurred in 1535 when Diego de Almagro and his followers passed through this land with the intention of conquering Chile. Little by little, the town of San Pedro de Tacna was populated, becoming a town of active merchants dedicated to supplying the mining center of Potosí.
Criollos like Francisco de Zela and the Paillardelle brothers organized the first uprisings in favor of independence. The first years of the Republic were marked, in the same way, by political turmoil. Tacna became a department in 1875. The area has maintained its commercial importance, briefly interrupted by the War of the Pacific (War with Chile, 1879). The peace treaty signed by Peru and Chile determined that Tacna would pass to Chile for ten years. Fulfilled these, the population had to decide the destiny of the territory by means of a popular consultation. The plebiscite was never carried out but after a series of diplomatic efforts the 1929 Treaty of Lima was signed, which established the reincorporation of Tacna into Peruvian territory after more than 50 years of Chilean occupation.
1- The monument and museum site of Alto de la Alianza: Located 8 kilometers from the city and was built in honor of the fallen in the Battle of Tacna in 1880.
2- The Parabolic Arc: It is the symbol of the heroic city of Tacna and is located on the Civic Walk, where it was erected in honor of the heroes of the Pacific War, Francisco Bolognesi and Miguel Grau.
3- The Cathedral: It is built under a neo-Renaissance style and with a very stylized architecture. It was designed by Frenchman Gustave Eiffel, famous for the Tower that bears his name in Paris.
4- Petroglyphs of Miculla: 22 kilometers from the city are these petroglyphs dating from 500 AD. and show drawings related to the fauna, flora, constellations and rites of the cartoonists themselves